Can You Request A New Judge?It is stated in the law that both the State and the Defense have the right to a fair judge. This means that a fair and impartial judge must be made available to any parties under criminal litigation. A change of judge can then be requested with or without cause as needed.
With CauseWhenever requesting a change of judge with cause, it must be stated in clear, full details as to why such request has been made as to ensure that it is still in line with the integrity and fair functions of the judicial system. This is a change of judge as a matter of right. This motion must be filed within ten days of the discovery that grounds exist for changing the judge. The requesting party must assure that such a request is only done in good faith. If the assigned judge does not agree that cause exists, the presiding judge provides a hearing on the matter before another judge to determine by the preponderance of the evidence whether a change of judge is required. If this judge rules that the change is required, the presiding judge will reassign the matter to another judge.
Without CauseThe State and the Defense may request a change of judge without cause. This is called a peremptory notice. In non-death penalty cases, this motion must be filed within ten days after the arraignment or within ten days of the assignment of the judge. Although the change of judge is "without cause", the request must be made in good faith and cannot be made of any of the following reasons:
- Attempts to delay the proceedings
- Obtainment of severance
- To interfere with the reasonable case management practices of a judge;
- To remove a judge for reasons of race, gender, or religious affiliation
- for the purpose of using the rule against a particular judge in a blanket fashion by a defense group or law firm
- To obtain a more convenient geographical convenience
- To obtain advantage or avoid disadvantage in connection with a plea bargain or at sentencing, except those allowed by Rules of Criminal Procedure.
- Assault - www.azcrimlaw.com/criminal-legal-defense/assault/
- Drug Crimes - www.azcrimlaw.com/criminal-legal-defense/drug-crimes/
- Probation Violations - www.azcrimlaw.com/criminal-legal-defense/probation-violations/
- Warrants - www.azcrimlaw.com/criminal-legal-defense/warrants/
- Weapons Charges - www.azcrimlaw.com/criminal-legal-defense/weapons-charges/